Type 1 Diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is a chronic autoimmune disease in which the immune system attacks and destroys the insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas. Insulin is a hormone that regulates the amount of glucose (sugar) in the blood, and without enough insulin, glucose cannot enter the body's cells to be used for energy. As a result, people with type 1 diabetes must take insulin injections or use an insulin pump to regulate their blood sugar levels and prevent complications.
Type 1 diabetes typically develops in children, adolescents, and young adults, although it can occur at any age. The exact cause of type 1 diabetes is not known, but it is believed to be the result of a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Symptoms of type 1 diabetes can include increased thirst and urination, unexplained weight loss, fatigue, blurred vision, and frequent infections. Treatment of type 1 diabetes involves daily insulin therapy, monitoring blood sugar levels, and making lifestyle changes to manage the condition.
Type 1 diabetes cannot be prevented, but early diagnosis and treatment can help prevent or delay the onset of complications. Ongoing medical care and close monitoring are essential for managing type 1 diabetes and maintaining good health.
Type 1 Diabetes Resources